Surveillance of the Initiation of, Participation in, and Completion of Cardiac Rehabilitation in Minnesota, 2017–2018

APRIL 2023

Contact: James Peacock,



Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an evidence-based secondary prevention program designed to improve cardiovascular health after a cardiac event. The objective of our study was to identify gaps in CR use among publicly and privately insured people in Minnesota to assist in developing shared goals among public health, cardiac rehabilitation professionals, and program delivery sites to improve CR delivery.


We applied a published claims-based surveillance methodology to the Minnesota All Payer Claims Database to assess eligibility for, initiation of, participation in, and completion of CR by patients with qualifying events in 2017. We stratified results by sociodemographic and geographic factors and qualifying condition and used adjusted prevalence ratios to make statistical comparisons.


Less than half (47.6%) of qualifying patients initiated CR within 1 year of their qualifying event; the rate was higher among men (vs women), adults aged 45 to 64 years (vs ≥65 y), and patients with commercial or Medicaid insurance coverage (vs Medicare). Among those who initiated CR, only 14.0% completed the full series of 36 sessions. Participation in at least 12 sessions and completion of 36 sessions was less likely among adults aged 18 to 64 (vs 65–74 y) and among patients covered by Medicaid (vs Medicare). Patterns of CR initiation, participation, and completion also varied geographically.


This analysis expands on previous Medicare fee-for-service population CR surveillance and provides a first detailed look at the CR landscape in Minnesota, renewing attention to CR as a key secondary prevention strategy. Collaboration and sharing with partners has established the Minnesota Department of Health as a valuable partner in driving health system change to improve equitable provision of CR in Minnesota.


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